All viewpoints are welcome on this blog as long as the arguments are well-reasoned and respectful. The opinions expressed here are solely those of the authors, not the International Association of Genocide Scholars or the editors of this blog.
By – Kjell Anderson
Vann Nath, one of the few survivors of the notorious Tuol Sleng prison in Cambodia died earlier today. Nath was well known as an unofficial spokesperson for the victims of the Khmer Rouge regime. He also used his skill as an artist to depict the horrors suffered by prisoners at the hands of the Khmer Rouge. This skill as an artist was essential to his survival as he was spared execution in order to paint portraits of Pol Pot. I had the good fortune of of interviewing Vann in 2009 and, like many others, I was greatly impressed by his grace, eloquence, and calm presence. The Documentation Centre for Cambodia has written a letter of condolence for Vann: Read more…
The Fact Finding Mission of the UN Human Rights Council has concluded that crimes against humanity may have been committed by Syria against its political opponents. To view the full report (in pdf format) please visit this site.
The members of the International Association of Genocide Scholars will also consider the following alternative Nuba Mountains resolution drafted by Sam Totten:
TOTTEN’S PROPOSAL, INCORPORATING KEY ASPECTS OF IAGS’ ORIGINAL PROPOSAL AND A LETTER TO CONGRESS SIGNED BY ERIC REEVES, JOHN HUBBEL WEISS, GREGORY STANTON AND SAMUEL TOTTEN
July 21, 2011
(1) Over the past seven weeks the situation in the Nuba Mountains/South Kordofan in the Republic of Sudan has been and continues to be characterized by indiscriminant attacks on civilian areas and targeted killings of individuals based on their ethnicity and political affiliation. There is clear and ample evidence that the attacks by the Government of Sudan (GoS) via aircraft (Antonov bombers and MIGS) and ground troops have resulted in significant loss of life of civilians (females, children, babies and the elderly) and the displacement of some 80,000 people from their villages and homes. While most of the violence has been perpetrated by Government of Sudan forces, insurgents in the SPLA are also accountable for the renewed violence. Read more…
PROPOSED IAGS RESOLUTION ON THE SITUATION IN SOUTH KORDOFAN
(1) For a number of weeks the situation in the Nuba Mountains/South Kordofan in the Republic of Sudan has been and continues to be characterized by indiscriminant attacks on civilian areas and targeted killings of individuals based on their ethnicity and political affiliation. There are reports of atrocities being committed by Government of Sudan forces and insurgents in the context of renewed hostilities. Most of the violence has been perpetrated by Government of Sudan forces. Read more…
By – Slater Armstrong
I have some thoughts and questions on genocide as it relates to the Nuba Mountains of Sudan that hopefully will prompt further consideration.
According to the Genocide Convention:
…any of the following acts committed with intent to destroy, in whole or in part, a national, ethnical, racial or religious group, as such:
(a) Killing members of the group;
(b) Causing serious bodily or mental harm to members of the group;
(c) Deliberately inflicting on the group conditions of life calculated to bring about its physical destruction in whole or in part;
(d) Imposing measures intended to prevent births within the group;
(e) Forcibly transferring children of the group to another group.
— Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide, Article II
and according to the discussion of the Nuba Mountains on the IAGS Listserv:
…. the Rome Statute also includes a contextual element that demands that a genocidal act must be part of a “pattern of similar attacks.”
this regime’s historic behavior clearly demonstrates a “pattern of similar attacks” NOT ONLY in the much discussed and commonly defined Darfur Genocide, but more than equally so in the much neglected and overlooked Nuba Genocide which took place during the “civil war” between the North and the South from the 1980′s through 2002. Is it not this very “pattern of similar attacks” that brought Sam Totten to the Nuba Mountains this past winter, seeking to verify the first genocide of this regime against the Nuba people.
What is lacking or missing here according to the legal definition of genocide from the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide? If Darfur is under genocide, then most certainly are the Nuba. Read more…
The International Association of Genocide Scholars is forming a working group to discuss the ongoing crisis in the Nuba Mountains region of Sudan.
The working group will meet at 2 pm on 19 July in Room 4 on the 3rd Floor of the Centre Culturel Borges in Buenos Aires, Argentina. All IAGS members are welcome to attend. It is hoped that the meeting will result in a resolution being passed by the IAGS on the Nuba Mountains situation.